The Tradition of Non-Use of Nuclear Weapons free ebook download

Author(s): T.V. Paul
Publisher: Stanford
Date : 2009
Pages : 336
Format : PDF
OCR : Y
Quality :
Language : English
ISBN-10 : 0804761329
ISBN-13 : 9780804761321





The idea of wr it ing a book on nuclear non-use first occurred to me in 1990 when as a doctoral student at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), I attended a presentation on the subject by Thomas Schelling. The eminent strategic scholar had discussed this subject briefly in several of his writings, but a book-length study was missing in the literature.

Since then, scholars, especially of the Constructivist vein, have written on the subject of the nuclear taboo, but they tend to undervalue the material dimensions of the issue. In this book, I have developed an argument for the rise and persistence of the tradition of non-use based on reputation and image concerns while linking these factors to normative considerations. The work is partially motivated by a concern for the preservation of the tradition in light of changes taking place in the nuclear policies of the United States and other nuclear powers, as this tradition serves many cherished goals of the international community, especially in the areas of nuclear nonproliferation and prevention of nuclear war.

My work has been immensely helped by a wide array of scholars and graduate student assistants over the years. I am especially thankful to Timothy Crawford, Jeffrey Knopf, and Patrick Morgan, who made extensive comments on my full draft manuscript. Others who read and commented various chapters include the late Hayward Alker, William Bain, Rajesh Basrur, Avner Cohen, Richard Harknett, Patrick James, Paul Kapur, Hiro Katsumata, Peter Katzenstein,
Christopher Layne, Michael Lipson, Mark Manger, Terry McNamee, Vincent Pouliot, Richard Price, Norrin Ripsman, T. P. Sreenivasan, John Vasquez, and Christopher Way. Special praise goes to Theodore McLauchlin and Mahesh Shankar for reading and copy-editing the manuscript. Theodore also made many constructive suggestions for improving the manuscript. Over the years, Simon Collard-Wexler and William Hogg collected a considerable amount of material for this project.

Others who helped me in some way or other in making this book possible include Bahar Akman, John Hall, Izumi Kawaskai, Christopher Manfredi, Imad Mansour, Carman Miller, Douglas Porch, Lawrence Prabhakar, Richard Schultz, Nina Tannenwald, Stéfanie Von Hlatky, and James Wirtz. Presentations at the University of British Columbia, the University of Cincinnati, Cornell University, the University of Hong Kong, the University of Southern California, the George Bush School at Texas A&M University, Jawaharlal Nehru University (New Delhi), Loyola College (Chennai), Mahatma Gandhi University (Kottayam), S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (Singapore), the Indian Institute of Science (Bangalore), Kerala University (Trivandrum), the Royal United Services Institute for Defense Studies (London), and the University of Wales at Aberystwyth, and several conference panels at the American Political Science Association, International Studies Association, and British International Studies Association, all have provided me opportunities for examining the validity of my ideas. Generous funding from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC), Fonds québécois de la recherche sur la société et la culture (FQRSC), James McGill Chair, Naval Postgraduate School, and the Security and Defense Forum (SDF) helped me tremendously in undertaking travel, research, and writing. Geoffrey Burn, Editor and Director of Stanford University Press, showed keen interest in the book project. I also acknowledge that portions of Chapters 1 and 7 are drawn from my article, “Nuclear Taboo and War Initiation: Nuclear Weapons in Regional Conflicts,” Journal of Conἀict Resolution 39(4) (December 1995), 696–717 (with permission from Sage Publications). It has taken many years for me to complete this book as other projects intervened. My family members frequently bore with my absences for field research and conferences, and I lovingly dedicate this book to them—my wife, Rachel, and my daughters, Kavya and Leah.